Millions of years ago the top of Lampivaara was 4000 – 5000 meters higher. The rate of erosion is 1 cm per year. The winters are cracking up the rocks. When water injected into cracks becomes ice it expands and pops the stones to smaller units. The last Ice Age took a big slice of the mountain top and exposed the Amethyst crystals. For 10 000 years the Amethyst has seen daylight. It is only 30 years ago the first official claim was made.
Scientifically, we have an understanding on how the amethyst and its quartz sibling was formed and how it can be used.
When the mountains originally were formed some big caves were also made. Gradually these caves were filled with hot liquids. Water under high pressure and hundreds degrees Celsius hot interacted with other basic elements such as iron and silicon. Then some two billion years ago a crystallization process started. Amethyst grew by one centimeter every million years.
In the Luosto mine, there are gems related to amethyst. Tiny differences in iron, silicon and other elements have produced these valuable stones:
- Purple amethyst
- White snow quarts
- Black snow quarts
- A special tricolor collector’s item
Quartz is a familiar rock. Its ability to vibrate on electrical impulses makes it the motor of quartz watches. If you are reading this blog post, it is probably made possible by quartz inside your reading device. Rubbing quartz together creates the sparks the ancient people would use to make camp fires. Today it ignites the common lighter. Minerals rock the world of all smokers and non-smokers.
The amethyst doesn’t have these technical capabilities. Its value has primarily been its beauty. It is the purple version of quartz. It has been an important gemstone through history of mankind. Before the 1920s the price was even higher than the diamond. Prices dropped, however, when huge deposits of amethyst were found in South America. Amethyst is still valued. According to the Amsterdam exchange of gems stones, high quality amethyst is worth Euro 50 000 per kilo.
In Luosto and ta the Arctic Amethyst company, you can get your own amethyst gem at a more reasonable price.
Between the Ice Age and the first claim in Luosto 30 years ago, numerous stories and uses have been accredited the purple gem.